In Frederick County, Biosafety level 3 and 4 (BSL-3 and BSL-4) labs are located within the perimeter of Fort Detrick. Two private BSL-3 labs are located outside of Fort Detrick. There are no BSL-4 laboratories operating in Frederick County outside of the perimeter of Fort Detrick.
Inside Fort Detrick are laboratory facilities operated by:
• Army (US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, or USAMRIID),
• Dept. of Homeland Security (National Biodefense Analysis and Countermeasures Center, or NBACC),
• National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Disease or NIAID (Integrated Research Facility, or IRF), and
• US Dept. of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service (Foreign Disease-Weed Science Research Unit)
As of December 2011, the existing USAMRIID lab, the USDA labs and portions of the Homeland Security labs are in operation.
The portion of the Homeland security laboratory that is operational was certified by Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), as of September 2011. The remaining portion is anticipated to be certified and become operational in late 2012.
The NIAID facility is under construction, and is expected to be certified and become operational in 2012-13.
Another Army laboratory, the Medical Countermeasures Medical Countermeasures Test & Evaluation (MCT&E) facility is still in the planning stages.
A new USAMRIID facility is under construction, with estimated completion reported for 2015.
Outside of Fort Detrick, there are two privately-operated containment (biosafety level 3, or ‘BSL-3’) labs in Frederick County. The State of Maryland holds information on the locations and operators of these labs.
Maryland law defines who this information can be shared with and that includes emergency planners and responders but not the general public. The State of Maryland requires any individual with access to the most dangerous microbes to be registered with the Maryland Biological Agent Registry program.
Annotated Code of Maryland, Title 10 Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Subtitle 10 Laboratories, Chapter 11, Biological Agents Registry Program.